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Fenian Brotherhood


Historical note

The Fenian Brotherhood was the American branch of the Irish Republican Brotherhood, founded by James Stephens in Ireland in 1858. In the United States, the Fenian Brotherhood was led by John O’Mahony and Michael Doheny. Local groups were called “Circles,” and their leader designated the “Centre.” Fenians raised money and purchased arms to send back to Ireland, and in 1866 and 1870 led two failed invasions of Canada. Plagued by infighting and factionalism, the organization gradually dwindled until its formal disbanding in 1886.

Found in 1 Collection or Record:

George D. Cahill papers

Abstract The George D. Cahill papers consist of the personal papers of a Quincy, Mass. merchant active in Irish-American causes in the late nineteenth century. The collection contains correspondence, fliers, circulars, published speeches, and ephemera, as well as membership and financial records for Irish nationalist organizations including the Fenian Brotherhood, the Irish National Land League of the United States, and the Irish National League of America, among others. The papers date from 1845 to...
Restrictions on access

Collection is open for research.

Dates: 1845-circa 1921; Majority of material found within 1870 - 1890